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Education subjects

Abacus – The Art of Calculating with Beads

Homepage: http://www.ee.ryerson.ca:8080/~elf/abacus/

An interesting link about the pleasures and history of the Abacus

Academy for Certification of Vision Rehabilitation and Education Professionals - ACVREP

Homepage: http://acvrep.org

Their certification programs are designed to offer professionals the means to demonstrate knowledge and skills that promote the provision of quality services for persons with visual impairment.

Alliance for Equality of Blind Canadians

Homepage: http://www.blindcanadians.ca/publications/cbm/8/new-research-study-early-braille-education-vital-establishing-lifelong-literacy

Early Braille Education Vital in Establishing Lifelong Literacy
An exhaustive study has cast aside some erroneous stereotypes while underscoring the importance of Braille education at an early age. The study has revealed that literacy rates of blind high school students who began their Braille education at an early age are consistent with those of their sighted peers.

Applications of the Abacus for the Blind

Homepage: http://www.abacuslessons.com

This web page gives you ideas on how to use the abacus throughout school.

Art Beyond Sight Across the World

Homepage: http://www.artbeyondsight.org/

Art Beyond Sight Across the World is an international collaborative of community-based groups and local affiliates of national agencies, museums and other arts-related organizations, elementary and high schools, national and international advocacy groups and blind, low vision and sighted arts enthusiasts

Blind Children’s Resource Center

Homepage: http://www.blindchildren.org/infoabout/1_2_3.html

Mathematics is a field which has often been considered beyond the capacity of the blind to master. This attitude continues to exist despite the evidence presented by the careers of world-class blind mathematicians such as Dr. Abraham Nemeth. In 1985 Dr. Nemeth retired, having spent forty years teaching college-level mathematics. His successful career has provided inspiration and hope to later generations of blind students interested in pursuing jobs involving mathematics.
In fact he invented the basic system for reading and writing mathematical and scientific materials in Braille which has been used by thousands of blind students. Here Dr. Nemeth tells the story of his struggle first to obtain an education in mathematics and then to obtain a position teaching it.

Blind Children’s Resource Centre

Homepage: http://www.blindchildren.org/sports_games/

Movement, Sports and Games
Bind children, including those with additional disabilities, can take part in sports, games, and movement activities. A few simple adaptations, such as adding sound, making the target bigger, or using a slower-moving ball, can make the difference between the blind kid sitting on the bench and the blind kid getting into the game. This section will give you ideas for young children, for children with additional disabilities, for gym class, and for specific sports. Have fun getting active with your kids!

Braille Bug

Homepage: http://www.braillebug.org

An inspiring and educative homepage on how to teach braille containing information on literary braille, Nemeth code (math), music braille and some interesting trivia.

Braille Challenge

Homepage: http://www.brailleinstitute.org/braille-challenge-homepage.html

The Braille Challenge is a two-stage academic contest designed to motivate school aged braille readers to excel in braille.

Braille Writing Didactics

Dr Panagiota Korilaki

Homepage: http://www.braille-writing-didactics.gr/braille-writing-didactics

This book deals with Braille writing didactics and pedagogy in several languages, an unexplored field so far, as existing literature focuses on Braille reading only; Braille writing mechanics is a domain that has not been explored so far, and nothing is written on the role of kinaesthetic in supporting the mechanics of Braille writing.

Department for Education UK

Homepage: http://www.education.gov.uk/complexneeds/

This home page includes training materials for teachers of learners with severe, profound and complex learning difficulties.

The material consists of 16 modules, each covering a special training topic. These are grouped in four broader subject areas to help you easily find the training sources to suite your needs.

Designing for Children - With focus on ‘Play + Learn

Homepage: http://www.designingforchildren.net/papers/rachel-gottlieb-designingforchildren.pdf

The manipulation of objects is an essential part of learning. Children with visual
impairment have a paradoxical relationship with touch; many are hesitant, even fearful to reach
out and explore their surrounding; yet they have much to gain by engaging their sense of touch.
The lack of one sense increases the importance of the remaining ones. This project has involved
looking at existing systems that encourage exploratory behavior in blind children, researching early
childhood education, and observing in classrooms for the blind and multiply disabled. The research
led to prototypes aimed at engaging visually impaired children in active play. The goal for the
designs is to create a system of activity mats that empower children to participate actively in their
environment while building cognitive, social, and physical skills.

Effective Classroom Adaptations for Students with Visual Impairments

Homepage: http://www.pathstoliteracy.org/sites/default/files/uploaded-files/Effective%20Classroom%20Adaptations_CEC_2001.pdf

This article discusses strategies for including students with visual impairments into general education settings.
The article provides a starting point from which general educators can begin to learn about visual impairments and build skills that will benefit all their students.

Goalball Fans

Homepage: http://www.dhamilton.net/goalball/

Goalball Fans have slided by this web page since February 1, 1996. Lots of fun for goalball players.

Goalball link

Homepage: http://www.dhamilton.net/goalball

Rules and videos on goalball including audio goalball commentary.

Hesperian Organization

Homepage: http://hesperian.org/wp-content/uploads/pdf/en_hcwb_2000/en_hcwb_2000_08.pdf

Teaching Everyday Activities
Your child is young now, but someday he will be an adult. A child who is blind or cannot see well can grow up to be a capable, contributing member of your family and community. Like other children, he must learn how to: • take care of himself • help with the family’s work • be independent • be well-behaved

ICEVI

Homepage: http://icevi.org/publications/icevi_wc2006/11_life_including_orientation_and_mobility_social_skills/Papers/nac_015_puzyrewska_wioletta.pdf

Residential versus integration ¬ Where to teach ADL. Some arguments showing that ADL can also fit into curricula of students that attend mainstream schools are presented in this paper.

Inclusive classroom

Homepage: http://www.onlineteachingdegree.com/resources/the-inclusion-classroom-debate/

This web site is designed for general education teachers, special education teachers, parents, and school staff to help provide some answers about how inclusive education can be accomplished. Resources for making accommodations are included as well as links to other web sites and resource lists for learning more about inclusive education.

Independent science

Homepage: http://www.independencescience.com/

ISci Voice Access Software helps students with visual impairments develop the self confidence to follow a path that may lead to a career in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM). Hands-on environments are crucial in motivating students to pursue their interests in STEM fields of study. By providing solutions through access technology and consultation, we facilitate barrier-free learning environments for all students.

Livestrong

Homepage: http://www.livestrong.com/article/225097

How to teach music to visually impaired children.

National Association of Blind Students

Homepage: http://nabslink.org/about/skills

Many blind students wonder what skills they will need to master before starting college or if they should get skill training before finishing college. This web site will give you some clues.

National Center for Accessible Media

Homepage: http://ncam.wgbh.org/experience_learn/educational_media/accessible-online-learning-tea/resources-for-teaching-and-ada

Resources for Teaching and Adapting Science Lessons for Students with Visual Impairments

National Centre on Deaf-Blindness

Homepage: http://nationaldb.org/library/page/1936

For the child who is deaf-blind, movement is an opportunity to gather sensory information, to communicate, and to make choices. Orientation and mobility (O&M) instruction provides a set of foundational skills that can broaden the students’ awareness of the environment, resulting in increased motivation, independence and safety.

NCBI

Homepage: http://www.ncbi.ie/information-for/friends-and-relatives/guiding-a-person-with-a-vision-impairment

Here are some basic techniques to help you guide a person with vision impairment

NCTM

Homepage: http://standardstrial.nctm.org/document

Principles and Standards for School Mathematics

Optic-Comenius

Homepage: http://www.optic-comenius.eu

OPTIC - OPTimising the Inclusive Classroom
The Optic project illustrates how good environmental design for young learners with visual impairments results in improvements in learning for other students therefore inclusion of the young learner with visual impairment in the classroom is likely to lead to a more positive experience for all. It contains among other matters examples of good practice. Movies, Powerpoint, Survey and a Literature review

P.E. Activities for Blind Students by Deborah Dera

Homepage: http://www.ehow.com/way_5455424_pe-activities-blind-students.html

A common misconception is that individuals with visual handicaps cannot participate in physical sports. While special considerations need to be taken when participating in physical activities, there is really no reason for those who are blind or have significant visual impairments to be excluded. Sadly, assumptions about the inability for blind students to participate in physical activities only contribute to their lack of overall physical health because they do not get the exercise they need, as we all do, on a regular basis.

Perkins school for the blind

Homepage: http://www.perkinselearning.org/scout/orientation-and-mobility

These sites explain the techniques, general importance, and necessity of Orientation and Mobility training for people who are blind or visually impaired.

Perkins Scout

Homepage: http://www.perkinselearning.org/scout/

Science teachers of students who are blind or visually impaired will find advice, encouragement, and general teaching techniques in this section. Assisitve technology, Early Childhood, Education, Independent living, Literacy and Braille, Multiple disabilities and Orientation and Mobility are some of the subjects on this home page.

Royal National Institute of Blind People RNIB

Homepage: http://www.rnib.org.uk/information-everyday-living-family-friends-and-carers-resources-parents-blind-or-partially-sighted-3

Tips to help you support your child with daily living skills
It may be easier and faster to do things for your blind or partially sighted child, and you will have a natural instinct to help them as much as you can. Try to balance being supportive and helpful with enabling them to learn to do things for themselves, as your son or daughter will get a lot of happiness and reward from developing his or her own skills, and this is essential for their well being and self-esteem.

Russ Palmer homepage

Homepage: http://russpalmer.com

"Feeling the Music for People with a Dual-Sensory Impairment", is to share his enthusiasm for music with people with Sensory Impairment and with those with Profound and Multiple Learning Disabilities (PMLD), to help improve their own quality of life.

Special Education Services – Kansas State Department of Education

Homepage: http://www.ksde.org/Portals/0/SES/presentations/Num-A-M-Soster2Math_Manipulatives_for_VI_Students.pdf

The use of maipulatives as an instructional strategy to help students who are blind or visually impaired understand and learn maths concepts (early Childhood through Secondary).

Statewide Vision Resource Centre

Homepage: http://www.svrc.vic.edu.au/CUpreparing.pdf

Preparing future graduates who happen to be blind
Children entering Prep in 2013 will graduate at the end of 2025. If you think that’s a long time off, you’re right. We are preparing children for a world we don’t really know. The best we can do is to develop individuals who are independent, literate, numerate, technologically savvy, and adaptable and able to participate fully in what the 21st Century has to offer.

Teaching Early Braille Literacy Skills Within a Stimulus Equivalence Paradigm to Children with Degenerative Visual Impairments

Homepage: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc2884344

Despite the need for braille literacy, there has been little attempt to systematically evaluate braille-instruction programs. The current study evaluated an instructive procedure for teaching early braille-reading skills with school-aged children with degenerative visual impairments. Following a series of pretests, braille instruction involved providing a sample braille letter and teaching the selection of the corresponding printed letter from a comparison array. Concomitant with increases in the accuracy of this skill, we assessed and captured the formation of equivalence classes through tests of symmetry and transitivity among the printed letters, the corresponding braille letters, and their spoken names.

Teaching Geography

Homepage: http://deficienciavisual.com.sapo.pt/txt-teachinggeography.htm

It has been pointed out to me that many visually impaired (VI) students have been advised not to take geography at exam level or have found understanding geography difficul. This is especially the case if the student is totally blind. This should not be the case as visually impaired children can get just as much out of understanding the environment and different countries as a sighted person, so it is important they are fully included and encouraged

Teaching Students with Visual Impairment

Homepage: http://www.teachingvisuallyimpaired.com/

The mission of Teaching Students with Visual Impairment is to provide all persons involved in the student’s education with the necessary resources they need to help each student.

Teaching Students with Visual Impairment - A Guide for the Support Team

Homepage: http://www.education.gov.sk.ca/Vision

Teaching Visually Impaired

Homepage: http://www.teachingvisuallyimpaired.com/numbers--counting.html

Number sense refers to a student’s fluidity and flexibility with numbers as well as the concept that numbers mean and an ability to form mental math and make comparisons to maths in the environment. This page describes adaptations for students who are blind and visually impaired.

Texas Deafblind Outreach

Homepage: http://www5.esc13.net/lowincidence/docs/BTHArchive/bth09/Handouts09/ActiveLearning.pdf

Kate Moss, education specialist shares information from Dr Lilli Nielsens book, Are You Blind?

Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired – Instructional Resources

Homepage: http://www.tsbvi.edu/instructional-resources

A wide range of articles regarding teaching pupils with visual impairment.

The Development of Social Skills by Blind and Visually Impaired Students

Homepage: http://books.google.com

Exploratory studies and strategies. Copy the name of the book, click on books.google.com, paste the name of the book in the search box. Click the search button.

The Etude The Musical Education Of The Blind

Homepage: http://scriabin.com/etude/1907/08/the-musical-education-of-the-blind.html

George W. Gerlach concludes that an idea exists in the minds of many that the blind are peculiarly susceptible to a musical training; or—to use the common expression—are very musical. It is easy to understand how such a notion is obtained. Many unthinking persons, on meeting a blind man or woman who performs upon some instrument, immediately exaggerate in their own minds any impression received, and judge all persons without sight by the individual. Though the idea may, in a sense, be correct, yet when it is borne in mind that a blind person can do nothing whatever which those with sight cannot do under similar surroundings and similar training, or which could not be done better with the aid of sight, it is difficult to perceive any advantage that the former may possess in any direction.

The National Federation for the Blind/Suggestions for the Blind Cook

Homepage: http://nfb.org/images/nfb/publications/fr/fr04/issue3/f040304.html

In many countries home economics is part of the school schedule. We hope that the suggestions in this paper will be useful to you. However, no particular method is always best for everyone. The most important factors in success probably are: (1) confidence that a blind person can succeed, and (2) creativity and flexibility in looking for a successful plan or idea.

The Role and Function of the Teacher of Students with Visual Impairments

Homepage: http://www.tvisfasu.webs.com/Resources/The%20Role%20and%20Function%20of%20the%20Teacher%20of%20Students%20with%20Visual%20Impairments.pdf

A paper by Spungin, S. J. American Foundation for the Blind and Ferrell, K.A.
The University of Northern Colorado
The role of the teacher of students with visual impairments is multifaceted and requires recognition by administrators that responsibilities and time commitments are unpredictable and may increase geometrically with each addition to the caseload. The amount of instruction and consultation required will vary according to individual student needs and will even vary for an individual student from one week to the next. In some cases, the teacher of students with visual impairments will be the primary instructor of the infant, child, or youth with a visual impairment, while in other cases the teacher of students with visual impairments will collaborate with and act as a consultant to other members of the team.

The University of Edinburgh

Homepage: http://www.leeds.ac.uk/educol/documents/00002281.htm

Marianna Buultjens, Joan Stead with Mary Dallas have worked on the subject of social inclusion. Over the past twenty years in which children with visual impairment have been included in their local schools in increasing numbers, the practicalities and legalities of ensuring access to the curriculum have often taken precedence to, and sometimes obscured the issue of, social inclusion.

To Sea with a Blind Scientist

Homepage: http://www.blindchildren.org/textonly/to_infoabout/1_2_2.html

How, a sceptic might ask, could a blind person ever hope to be a scientist? After all, science is difficult if not impenetrable even for many sighted people; and, in any case, there is almost nothing in the way of books about science available to the blind. How would one carry out experiments? How would one gain access to the huge scientific literature? Perhaps a blind person could be a physicist, at least a theoretical physicist, but surely not a biologist. Why would the blind willingly choose biology, that most visual of all the sciences?
The answer is very simple. Science, and for me biology in particular, is absolutely fascinating. Someone is actually paying me to study shells—some of the most beautiful works of architecture in all of nature—in the expectation that broad principles with implications for our own species will emerge.

Videos and Transcript Teaching math to students who are blind or visually impaired

Susan Osterhaus / Perkins

Homepage: http://www.perkinselearning.org/videos/webcast/teaching-math-students-who-are-blind-or-visually-impaired

Videos and transcripts.

Virginia Government Department for the blind and vision impaired

Homepage: http://www.vdbvi.org/orient_mobile.htm

. Orientation and mobility (O&M) training helps children and adults who are blind or visually impaired know where they are, where they want to go (orientation) and how to get there safely and independently by walking or using transportation (mobility)

Wayfinding

Homepage: http://www.wayfinding.net/refhome.htm

Teaching Orientation and Mobility to Blind Children

Wonder Baby

Homepage: http://www.wonderbaby.org/

An abundance of articles regarding activities with/for visually impaired children at home and in school.

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ISaR - Inclusive Services and Rehabilitation